A.N.

AnguttaraNikhaya (Sayings that advance numerically)

Abhidhamma

Higher Dhamma (one of three baskets of teachings)

Adhittana

Determination

Ajahn

Thai word for “teacher” adapted from Pali word “acariya”. Refers to a bhikkhu who has completed 5 retreats and is ready to teach.

Akassanabala

Power of Attraction

Anagarika

Lay person holding the eight trainings

Anapanasati

Mindfulness of the in and out breath, Meditation technique

Anatta

Not Self, not I

Anicca

Impermanence

Ariya

Noble or decent

Ariya sacca

Noble or salient truth

Asana

Pali word for “seat” or “sitting place”.

Attangikamagga

Eightfold path

Ayatana

Sense doorway

Bhavana

Pali word for meditation development.

Bhikkhu

Male monk

Bhikkhuni

Nun

Bintabaht

Thai word for “almsround” adapted from the Pali word ‘pindapada”.

Bodhi Tree

Ficus religiosis , the tree of wisdom, seen in most temples

Bojjhanga

Conditions for enlightenment

Bote

Thai word for a tall and narrow hall used by the sangha to hear the patimokkha and perform ordinations.

Brahmavihara

Brahma, the supreme Hindu God, vihara a residence

Buddha

Enlightened One

Buddharupa

Pali word for Buddha statues.

Cetana

Intent, volition

Chedi

 

 

Pali  - a Stupa spire

 

 

 

Citta

Mind-heart

D.N.

Digha Nikhaya

Desana

Dhamma discourse, talk

Dhamma

Buddha’s Teaching or Truth

dhamma

Things or phenomena of the mind

dhamma arammana

Mind objects

Dhutanga

Thirteen ascetic practices a bhikkhu should wander alone and undertake after completing 5 rains retreats. It commonly refers to that period of practice.

Dosa

Anger, aversion, ill-will

Dukkha

Suffering, misery, dissatisfaction

Dukkhanirodha gaminipatipada

Training steps leading to the ending of dukkha, 4th Truth

Ekagata

One pointed mind, a mind focussed on one object

Falung

Lao word for ‘foreigner’, pronounced ‘farang’ in Thai.

Jetiya

The recess in a temple containing Buddha statues and other religious icons.

Jhana

Meditative stages of deep concentration

Kamma

Actions, deeds of body, speech or mind

Karuna

Compassion

Kaya

Human body

Khandha

Heaps, aggregates, piles

Khanti

Patience

Kuti

Small hut which is the residence of a bhikkhu or bhikkuni in a Wat.

Lobha

Greed

Loom Por

Honorific, Revered father (Lao language)

Luang Por

Honorific, Revered Father (Thai language)

M.N.

Majjhima Nikhaya (Middle Book of Sayings)

Magga

Path, way, road

Mahayana

The Greater Vessel of Buddhism refers to Buddhism as practised in Tibet, China, Japan, Korea and Taiwan.

Majjhimapatipada

Middle Way of practice

Metta

Friendliness, kindness

Moha

Delusion, fantasy

Mudita

Mutual joy, sympathetic joy

Nama

Mind consisting of vedana, sanna and Sankhara

Namo tassa bhagavato, arahato      Samma, sambuddhassa

Honour his name, the Great One, Arahant, completely self-enlightened.

Nanachaht

Thai word meaning “many nations”

Nekkhama

Renunciation, surrendering, giving up

Nibbana

Ultimate truth, Nirvana

Nivarana

Hindrance, obstacle

Pa Kao

Lao word meaning ‘white monk’ and applies to anagarika’s who live in the Wat, wear white cloth and hold eight precepts.

Pa Kau


Lao word meaning “white monk”. It refers to eight precept holders who have their hair and live in a wat.`

Pali

The language the Buddha spoke

Pancasila

The five trainings underpinning moral behaviour

Panna

Intuitive wisdom

Pansah

Thai, Lao word for the Rains Retreat

Parajika

Most serious rules of a bhikkhu / bhikkhuni

Paramatthadhamma

Ultimate Dhamma

Paramita

Perfections of mind

Patimokkha

The rules of the order of bhikkhus.

Pitaka

Basket

Piti

Exhilaration

Poo Roo

One who knows

Rupa

Bodily form, materiality

S.N.

Samyutta Nikhaya

Sacca Dhamma

Ultimate Truth

Saka

Thai word meaning “a branch”, in particular a branch temple.

Sakhya

Old kingdom in Northern India near Nepal

Samadhi

Deeply concentrated state of meditation

Samana

Religious journeymen, ascetic wanderer or mendicant

Samatha

Peaceful, calm, can refer to types of meditation practices

Samma ajivo / Samma vayamo

Proper way of living / Proper effort

Samma ditthi / Samma sankappo

Proper view / Proper thought

Samma sati / Samma Samadhi

Proper mindfulness / Proper concentration

Sammavaca / Samma kammanto

Proper speech / Proper actions and deeds

Samsara

The world of ceaseless becoming, the Wheel of Life

Sangha

Monastic order of bhikkhus and bhikkhunis

Sankhara

Mind fabrications, mind constructions

Sanna

Perception, memory

Sasana

This Pali word can mean teaching, religion or current Buddhist era.

Sati

Mindfulness, presence of mind, awareness

Savaka

Follower, disciple

Siddhartha Gotama

The Buddha’s name before enlightenment

Sikkhapada

Rule of discipline

Sila

Moral behaviour

Sukha

Happiness, well being

Sutta

Passage of sayings

Tathagata

One who has come and gone thus

Thera

Elder or senior bhikkhu

Theravada

The Word of the Elders. It refers to the Southern school of Buddhism, the so called smaller vessel (Hinayana) as practiced in Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Nepal, Cambodia and Laos. This school reveres the seniority and knowledge of a bhikkhu or bhikkhuni as determined by the number of rains retreats they have completed.

Tipitaka

The Three Baskets of Teachings

Toodong

Thai word for dhutanga

Tuk tuk

Thai motorbike with carriage, a three wheeled vehicle of transport which makes the noise of its name.

Upasampada

Ordination as a bhikkhu

Upasika

Pali word meaning,“one who sits close by,” It refers to lay people who take 5 five precepts and join with the monastics to practic the Dhamma. With a short “a” at the it refers to men and with a long “a” to women.

Upekkha

Equanimity, balance

Uposatha

Pali word for the Buddhist observance day, it is usually two days per month depending on the moon phase.

Vassa

Pali word for Rains Retreat. Each year for three months during the rainy season bhikkhus must sleep in the same place and not travel overnight. It is the traditional period for intense practice.

Vedana

Sensation, feeling

Vicara

Discursive contemplation of a subject of Dhamma

Vinaya

Rules of discipline and their stories for bhikkhus and bhikkhunis (one  of the three baskets)

Vinnana

Consciousness

Vinyana

Separate or different knowing, it is the Sanskrit rendition of the Pali word vinnnana.

Vipaka

The consequence of an action or deed

Vipassana

Insight, also an analytical meditation practice

Viriya

Energy

Vitaka

Taking a subject of Dhamma for contemplation

Voharasacca

Conventional truth

Wai

Thai word for the respectful gesture of placing hands together as in prayer.

Wat

Thai, Lao word for temple or monastery

Wien Tieng

Thai term- “to go round with candles”- refers to the ceremony of circumambulation of a temple while holding lighted candles.