The Kingdom of Sakhya was actually a small Republic. The king was a war lord elected by an assembly of peers from the Kshatriya caste. It is doubtful whether Siddhartha would have had hereditary title to the throne. Sakya was located in modern Nepal somewhere between the the states of Malla and Vrijji depicted on this map. It's capital was Kapilavatthu. Being a small vassal state it was in constant threat of being overrun by its more powerful neighbours. It was eventually conquered by the Kosala kingdom towards the end of the Buddha's life. Throughout his period of teaching he had sought to appease and engage the kings of Kosala and Magadha, perhaps to ensure the survival of his homeland. The Buddha was careful to formulate his doctrine so that it posed no threat to the ruling elite. In fact he gained great support from the ruling clans of his competing neighbourlands. 

The Buddhist Holy Land

A chronology of significant dates in Buddhist History and its context in other world events.

(under development)

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Prepared by jtb for Access to Insight. 
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